Truth and Reconciliation
In 2017, Murray Rankin introduced a private member’s bill in the House of Commons to officially recognize September 30 as Orange Shirt Day, to remember and honour those who were forced to attend residential schools in Canada.
Orange Shirt Day is a recognition of Canada’s attempt to assimilate Indigenous children into colonial culture. Residential schools were government-sponsored, religious institutions established in the 1880s, lasting until 1996. The colonial experiments forced First Nations children from their homes, forcibly removing their culture and language and prohibiting contact with their families.
Phyllis Webstad, a Stswecem’c Xgat’tem First Nation elder in Williams Lake, B.C. coined the term after sharing her story of having an orange shirt removed from her on her first day of residential school. In 2017 and 2018, Rankin participated in Orange Shirt Day events in Victoria, joined by Kuper Island Residential School survivor Eddy Charlie whose story inspired him to bring the event to the House of Commons.
The bill is part of an ongoing effort to address Truth and Reconciliation Commissions Calls to Action.
In August 2018, the Liberal government announced their commitment to establishing a statutory holiday for truth and reconciliation.